Risk Factors And Treatment Of ADHD

Hyperactivity/Attention Deficit Disorder

While several studies suggest that genes have a substantial impact, the exact origin of ADHD is still unknown. ADHD certainly has many reasons, much like many other conditions. Researchers are investigating possible environmental risk factors for ADHD and how brain injury, food, and social situations may be connected to the illness in addition to heredity.

Males are more likely than females to have ADHD. At the same time, females with ADHD are more likely to experience symptoms predominantly related to inattention. Learning challenges, behavioural issues, mood disorders, substance use disorders, and anxiety disorders are just a few of the problems that ADHD sufferers typically experience.

Although no recognised treatment exists for ADHD, current drugs may minimize symptoms and improve performance. Treatments might include medication, counselling, education or training, or a combination of therapies.

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The most common medicine used to treat ADHD is called “stimulants.” Although it may seem odd to treat ADHD with a drug that is considered a stimulant, the prescription really works by increasing dopamine and norepinephrine levels. For thinking and attention, these two neurotransmitters are essential.

When taken as prescribed by a doctor, stimulant medications are considered to be safe. However, they can have negative consequences, particularly if overused or taken more than what is advised; thus, a patient’s healthcare provider needs to monitor any potential medication responses.


Many people discover that using ADHD medications reduces hyperactivity and impulsivity while enhancing their ability to focus, work, and learn. It can be essential to experiment with a few different possibilities before determining the best dosage or drug for a particular patient. Everyone taking the medication must be closely observed by the doctor delivering it.


Other therapies for ADHD don’t include stimulants. Compared to stimuli, these medications take longer to start working. However, they can assist an ADHD patient with impulsivity, focus, and attention. Doctors may prescribe a non-stimulant when a patient has unpleasant stimulant side effects when inspiration is unsuccessful or in combination with a stimulant to increase efficacy.

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Even though they have not explicitly been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for that usage, several antidepressants are used alone or in combination with a stimulant to treat ADHD. Imagine a patient who has harmful stimulant side effects. In that situation, a doctor could suggest an antidepressant to address every symptom of their ADHD. Let’s say a patient also has another ailment, like depression, anxiety, or mood disorder. In that instance, combining antidepressants and stimulants may be advantageous. Drugs for non-stimulant ADHD and antidepressants may potentially have adverse side effects.

Behavioural therapy

Behavioural therapy is a type of psychotherapy that aims to change a person’s behaviour. It could require practical assistance, such as assisting with task organization, academic work, or handling emotionally challenging circumstances. Additionally, behavioural treatment instructs patients on:

Keep an eye on their own actions.

Praise or reward oneself for acting in a desirable manner, such as restraining rage or deliberating before serving.

cognitive behavioural therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapy teaches patients to become conscious of and accept their thoughts and feelings to increase attention and concentration. The therapist also urges the ADHD patient to adjust to the medication’s lifestyle changes, such as pausing to think before acting or resisting the urge to take unnecessary risks.

Family and marital therapy

Family and marital therapy can stimulate behaviour adjustments in family members and spouses, manage disruptive behaviours, and enhance relationships with the ADHD patient.

See: What is ADHD? | CDC

stress management strategies

Stress management strategies can help parents with ADHD respond calmly to their child’s conduct by enhancing their capacity to handle irritation.

Focus groups

Through support groups, parents and families may connect with others who share their concerns and problems. Groups usually meet regularly to talk about struggles and successes, share tips about consultants and strategies, and consult with professionals.

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