Best 10 Next-gen Innovations for Farming Business in Australia
Agriculture is a big part of the Australian economy, contributing to approximately 3% of the GDP and employing about 4% of the total country workforce. However, the issue with farming in Australia is that environmental factors have long been ignored in crop production. And now the country is forced to take action for preventing and fixing environmental stress and degradation caused by farming. In this article, we have gathered 10 innovations that can help Australian farmers to do just that.
1. Satellite Monitoring
The market now offers various farming software that applies built-in algorithms to analyze satellite pictures with the aim to help growers with crop health and soil properties monitoring, field activities management, etc. The necessity of satellite data for Australian farmers lies specifically in the possibilities it offers for determining harvest readiness and estimating which fields are ready for harvest and when. For that, different software analyses the measurements of different vegetation, moisture, and other indices, including even snow cover index NDSI. All of this information is valuable to schedule logistics effectively when transporting the harvested crop.
2. Genetic Editing
Editing crop genetics allows for engineering hybrids that provide higher yields while requiring less resources to grow. This practice is especially important in the time of climate change and its adverse effect on crop performance.
3. Vertical Farming
Vertical farming is a practice of growing crops stacked one above another in a closed environment. It is an opportunity for growers to increase yields, eliminate issues connected to land size, and reduce the overall farming impact on the environment. Its biggest advantages include 70% lower water use compared to traditional farms, the ability to control such variables as light and humidity, and saving expenses on human labor by utilizing robotics.
Blockchain can be applied to the agricultural sphere with the aim of solving such keen issues as food safety, fraud, supply chain inefficiency, and more. The common problem here is the traceability of the food supply chain, which is traditionally time-consuming and requires lots of paperwork. Blockchain structure ensures that everyone on the food supply chain could generate, securely store and share information, resulting in an accountable and traceable system.
5. Automated Farm Equipment
This implies developing and implementing various automated farm equipment: tractors, grain augers, harvesting robots, etc. It allows farmers to save time and money on field activities and pay more attention to data analysis, problem detection, and effective decision-making.
Drones are nothing new to agriculture. They are used to monitor crop state, soil health, moisture levels, detect pests and diseases. This helps farmers save time on field monitoring and improve overall crop performance thanks to easy and timely issues identification.
7. Nitrogen Application Management
Modern agriculture tends to shift away from the approach of applying a single fertilizer. The current trend is the multiple in-season applications based on the plant and soil needs. This has led to a variety of nitrogen management solutions to aid growers in making the most effective decisions about nitrogen application rates and timing.
8. Precision Agriculture
Precision farming implies the use of technological innovations in crops growing. The technologies include machine learning, AI, ground sensors, and more. The goal of precision agriculture is to increase crop yields while reducing fertilizer and pesticide use. This not only ensures higher profits for farmers but also greatly contributes to environmental preservation.
9. Smart Greenhouses
This is an indoor farming practice that implies the use of different sensors and equipment for easy control and monitoring of temperature, humidity, lighting, and other important metrics.
Smart greenhouses enable growers to lower energy consumption on food production while increasing both crop quality and yield.
10. Automated Irrigation
There are numerous soil monitoring software systems that collect information from field sensors connected to the Internet. This means that farmers can just open an online app to see if their crop needs water. This helps them to eliminate the issues of under- and over-watering,
ensure better nutrient absorption, and reduce runoff, thus improving crop yield and quality.
All these modern agricultural innovations can help Australian agronomists to make the most of their fields by taking traditional farming practices to the next level.
Main Image Source: Pixabay