Xerostomia, often known as dry mouth syndrome, affects a large proportion of the population and creates a persistent feeling of dryness due to reduced saliva production.
We’ve all had dry mouths at some time. An unpleasant sensation that is generally alleviated by drinking some fluids. Even if this isn’t always the case. According to specialists, xerostomia, also known as dry mouth syndrome, affects 20 to 30 percent of the population, making sense of dryness more acute and long-lasting.
Dry mouth syndrome is defined by a reduction in saliva production, which is usually caused by a change in the functioning of the salivary glands, resulting in an irritating sense of dryness that may disrupt the everyday lives of individuals who suffer from it.
Saliva production in the mouth is constant under normal circumstances because it performs a variety of activities, including lubricating and moistening the lips and oral mucosa, battling and preventing the formation of germs, and aiding digestion, among others.
Saliva secretion is also significant because it helps to prevent the development of cavities, poor breath, and gum disease.
Causes Of Dry Mouth Syndrome
Although studies show that adults over the age of 50 are more prone to develop xerostomia, it may occur at any age and for a variety of reasons. Furthermore, depending on the mechanism that causes it, it might be a chronic or transient condition.
- Dry mouth may be caused by some drugs, such as antidepressants, antihistamines, antihypertensive, or muscle relaxants.
- Chemotherapy and radiation have been proven to impact salivation, which is why xerostomia affects many patients.
- A problem in the glands that obstructs the saliva ducts might also be the reason.
- Consumption of alcoholic drinks on a regular basis.
- One of the established reasons for decreased salivation is smoking.
- Some of the earliest signs of dehydration in the body are a lack of saliva and the feeling of having a dry mouth.
- Diabetes patients are more likely to have dry mouth as a result of elevated blood glucose levels, according to studies. Furthermore, excessive diuresis may lead to dehydration, which reduces saliva production.
- This condition is linked to illnesses including depression, bulimia, and anxiety.
- A diet that is imbalanced, with an abundance of carbs or salt and a lack of fruits and vegetables.
How To Prevent and Treat Dry Mouth Syndrome
It is essential to seek the advice of an expert in order to evaluate the likelihood of being affected by this condition via the administration of the required tests. In addition to this, it is vital to determine whether or not the process can be reversed or if it is irreversible.
If treatment is required, some medications encourage the flow of saliva from the salivary glands, as well as minimally invasive surgical procedures that may stimulate or unclog the channels via which saliva is released.
However, in addition to that, specialists provide certain advice to those who are afflicted with dry mouth conditions. Recommendations range from regulating diet and fluid consumption, avoiding cigarettes and alcohol, and maintaining adequate oral hygiene. Dietary recommendations include items that encourage saliva production.